No matter what the item is, the unique process of Screen Printing is the same. From t-shirts to cloth bags, koozies to t-shirt sleeves, baby onesies to pant legs, shorts and more. For Screen Printing in Citrus County, TK Embroidery & Screen Printing has you covered.
STEP 1: The design is created
To start, the printer takes the design they want to create on the
finished product, and prints it out onto a transparent acetate film.
This will be used to create the stencil.
Step 2: The screen is prepared
Next, the printer will choose a mesh screen to suit the complexity of the
design, and the texture of the fabric being printed. The mesh screen is
then coated with a layer of light-reactive emulsion, which will harden
when developed under bright light.
Step 3: The emulsion is exposed
The acetate sheet featuring the design is then laid onto the emulsion-
coated screen, and the whole thing is exposed to a very bright light. The
light hardens the emulsion, so the parts of the screen, which are covered
by the design, remain in liquid form.
If the final design is going to include more than one color, then a
separate screen must be used to apply each layer of ink. To create multi-
colored products, the printer must his/her skill to design each stencil,
and line them up perfectly to ensure the final design is seamless.
Step 4: The emulsion is washed off, creating the stencil
After the screen has been exposed for a set time, the areas of the
screen not covered by the design will have turned hard. Any unhardened
emulsion is then carefully rinsed away. This leaves a clear imprint of the
design on the screen for the ink to pass through.
The screen is then dried, and the printer will make any necessary touch-
ups or corrections to make the imprint as accurate as possible to the
original design. The stencil is now ready to be used.
STEP 5: THE ITEM IS PREPARED FOR PRINT
The screen is then placed on the printing press. The item or garment
being printed is laid down flat onto the printing board, underneath the
There are a number of different presses, including manual and automatic
styles. This allows several different screens to work at once. For
multicolored prints, this sort of printer can also be used to apply the
separate color layers in quick succession.
Step 6: The ink is pressed through the screen onto the item
The screen is lowered down onto the printing board. Ink is added to the
top end of the screen, and a squeegee is used to pull the ink along the
full length of the screen. This presses the ink through the open areas of
the stencil, imprinting the design on the product underneath.
If the printer is creating multiple items, then the screen is raised and a
new garment is placed onto the printing board. The process is then
Once all the items have been printed and the stencil has served its
purpose, the emulsion is removed using a special washing fluid and
degreased so the mesh can be reused to create new stencils.
Step 7: The product is dried, checked and finished
The printed product then passes through a dryer, which cures the ink
and creates a smooth, colorfast finish. The final product will be checked
and washed thoroughly to remove any residue, before being passed on
to its new owner.